L1    Bibliography in the Order of Occurrence

 

[01]m Newton, Isaac: Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica
First Edition London 1687
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[02] Newton, Isaac: The Principia, Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
translated into English by and printed for Andrew Motte, London 1729
Free pdf-downloads via search keys 'newton motte principles natural philosophy')
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[03] Newton, Isaac: The Principia: Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
translation by Bernard Cohen and Anne Whitman, including "A Guide to Newton's Principia" by I. Bernard Cohen
University of California Press, Berkeley • Los Angeles • London, 1999
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[04] Galilei, Galileo: Dialogo sopra i due massimi sistemi del mondo
Battista Landini, Florenz 1632
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[05] Galilei, Galileo: Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems
translated by Stillman Drake
University of California Press, Berkeley • Los Angeles 1953
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[06]
Galileo Galilei: Dialogue on the Great World Systems in the Salusbury Translation
Revised and annotated by Giorgio de Santillana
University of Chicago Press, Chicago; Cambridge University Press, London, 1953
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[07]
Kepler, Johannes: Astronomia Nova
Printed at Vögtlin, Heidelberg, 1609
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[08]
Kepler, Johannes: Neue Astronomie
Translation from Latin into German by Max Caspar
Oldenbourg Verlag, München, 1929/1990
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[09] Stachel, John (Ed.): Einstein’s Miraculous Year
Introduction by John Stachel, with the assistance of Trevor Lipscombe, Alice Calaprice and Sam Elsworthy
Princeton University Press, Princeton • Oxford, 1998
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[10]
Pais, Abraham: Subtle is the Lord ...
Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1982/2008
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[11]
Sexl, Roman; Raab, Ivo and Streeruwitz, Ernst: Materie in Raum und Zeit
Eine Einführung in die Physik Bd. 3
Sauerländer Verlag, Aarau • Frankfurt • Salzburg, 19963
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[12]
Gimble, Steven and Walz, Anke: Defending Einstein
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2006
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[13]
Jammer, Max: Concepts of Simultaneity
John Hopkins University Press, 2006
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[14]
Taylor, Edwin F. and Wheeler, John Archibald: Spacetime Physics
W.H. Freeman and Company, New York, 19912
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[15]
Epstein, Lewis Carroll: Relativity Visualized
Insight Press, San Francisco, 1981
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[16] Poincaré, Henri: Science and Hypothesis
translated by V.J.G. (?) , The Walter Scott publishing Co., 1905
Free download via http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri_Poincaré
and http://www.archive.org/details/scienceandhypoth00poinuoft
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[17] Calaprice, Alice (Ed.): The New Quotable Einstein
Princeton University Press, Princeton • Oxford, 2005
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[18] Wheeler, John Archibald: Journey into Gravity and Spacetime
Scientific American Library, W.H. Freeman, New York  1990
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[19] Adams, Steve: Relativity - An introduction to space-time physics
Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton • London • New York  1997
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[20] Einstein, Albert: The World As I See It
translation of Mein Weltbild by Allen Harris
Citadel Press Books, Kensington Publishing Corp., New York, 1956
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[21] Fischer, Ernst Peter: Einstein für die Westentasche
Piper Verlag, München • Zürich 20054
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[22] Einstein, Albert: Out of My Later Years
Wings Books, New York • Avenel, New Jersey   1956
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[23] Volkmer, Martin: Basiswissen Kernenergie
Herausgeber: Informationskreis KernEnergie, Berlin, 20052
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[24] Fowler, Michael: Lecture Notes on Special Relativity
http://galileo.phys.virginia.edu/classes/252/ (HTTP and PDF versions)
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[25] Sexl, Roman and Schmidt, Herbert Kurt: Raum Zeit Relativität
Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Braunschweig Wiesbaden, 19913
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[26] Freund, Jürgen: Special Relativity for Beginners: A Textbook for Undergraduates
World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore 2008     link
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[27] Melcher, Horst: Relativitätstheorie in elementarer Darstellung
VEB Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, Berlin, 19702
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[28] Genz, Henning: Nothingness: The Science of Empty Space
W.W.Norton & Company, New York • London    1994
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[29] Misner, Charles W.; Thorne, Kip S. and Wheeler, John Archibald: Gravitation
W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, 1973
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[30] Einstein, Albert: Relativity, The Special and the General Theory
Three Rivers Press, New York   1961
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[31] Bührke, Thomas: Albert Einstein
Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, München     20052
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[32] Hermann, Armin: Einstein - der Weltweise und sein Jahrhundert
R. Piper GmbH & Co. KG, München   1994
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[33] Matter, Mani: Us emene lääre Gygechaschte
Benziger Verlag, Zürich • Köln,    19711 198219
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[34] Thorne, Kip S.: Black Holes & Time Warps. Einstein's Outrageous Legacy
W.W.Norton & Company, New York • London    1994
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[35] Fritzsch, Harald: An Equation That Changed the World
The University of Chicago Press, Chicago • London    1994/1997 pb
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[36] Fritzsch, Harald: The Curvature of Spacetime: Newton, Einstein and Gravitation
Columbia University Press, New York    2002
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[37] Guthmann, Andreas: Einführung in die Himmelsmechanik und Ephemeridenrechnung
Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg • Berlin, 20002
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[38] Pais, Abraham: Einstein Lived Here
Oxford University Press, New York   1994
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[39] Alley, Carroll O.: Relativity and Clocks
33rd Annual Symposium on Frequency Control, 1979, p. 4-39
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[40] Ciufolini, Ignazio and Pavlis, E. C.: A confirmation of the general relativistic prediction of the Lense-Thirring effect
Nature, Vol. 431, 21, October, 2004, p.958-960
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[41] Kramer, Michael: Pulsare als kosmische Uhren

Sterne und Weltraum (periodical)  10/2006   p.30-37

http://www.skyandtelescope.com/news/3310106.html

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[42] Born, Max: Einstein's Theory of Relativity
Dover Publications, Inc. , New York    1962     (first German edition  1920)

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[43] Kranzer, Walter: So interessant ist Physik
Aulis Verlag Deubner & Co. ,  Köln   19902
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[44] Bais, Sander: Very Special Relativity    An Illustrated Guide
Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts and London, England    2007
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[45] Asano, Seiichi und Asano, Shiro: A Novel Concept for Understanding the Special Theory of Relativity - The Space-Time Circular Diagram Method
Gakujutsu Tosho Ltd., Tokyo    1994  (first Japanese edition 1983)
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[46] Rosenkranz, Ze’ev: Albert Einstein - privat und ganz persönlich
Historisches Museum Bern / Verlag Neue Zürcher Zeitung / Albert Einstein Archiv,  Bern • Zürich • Jerusalem    2004

 

 

The accomplishments of Johannes Kepler for the development of modern astronomy and physics can not be overemphasized. On the principle of inertia, he was as close as Galileo; on the forces that must act between the heavenly bodies, he had clear ideas; and concerning kinematics he was far superior to Galileo. Also his observations on the tides are much more reasonable than those of Galileo. Kepler and Galileo corresponded. While Kepler spoke with great respect for Galileo's research, Galileo hardly even took note of Kepler's work and never provided him with one of his telescopes. Kepler had expressly asked him for one so that he could experience with his own eyes the wonderful discoveries made by Galileo. Also in optics theory, Kepler was far ahead of Galileo. Kepler’s booklet "Dioptrics" is still today useful as a theory of ray optics.

Einstein writes of the relationship between Galileo and Kepler: "Alas, you find [vanity] in so many scientists! It has always pained me that Galileo did not acknowledge the work of Kepler"            [17-79]

With the following excerpt from the introduction to "Astronomia Nova" of Kepler, I would like to convey an impression of his thinking in physics:

The true doctrine of gravity is based on the following axioms: Every corporeal substance, insofar as it is physical, is naturally inclined to rest at the place where it finds itself, outside the force field of a related body. Gravity arises from the mutual corporeal tendency of related bodies for unification or combination (magnetic force also arises in this way), thus the earth attracts the stone rather than the stone seeks the earth. ...
If the earth were not round, then gravity would not attract in a straight line towards the center of the earth, but rather from different angles toward different points. If one places two stones any place in the world, close to each other but outside of the influence of a third body, then the stones would unite in an intermediate place like two magnetic bodies with one approaching the other by a distance, which is proportional to the mass of the other. ...
The range of attraction of the moon reaches to the earth and draws the water into the hot zone, to meet it where it reaches the zenith; imperceptibly in tightly enclosed seas, but noticeably, where the sea expanse is great and the waters have great leeway to flow back and forth. ... [translated by Samuel Edelstein from 8-25f]

What Kepler was lacking was a clear understanding of the dynamics of circular motion. He could not quite overcome the old idea that the circular orbit of heavenly bodies is natural and free of force. Christian Huygens was the first to capture the dynamics of circular motion and compute the correct value of the required centripetal force. Thus all the building blocks were available for Newton’s great synthesis. "If I have seen further than others, it is because I have stood on the shoulders of giants" wrote Newton in February 1675 with well-calculated modesty in a letter to Robert Hooke (according to Wikipedia, the quote dates back to Didactus Stella). Kepler and Huygens were two of these giants. Galileo, Fermat, Descartes, Pascal, and Hooke were others who did much of the mathematical and physical preparation for Newton. What these few men were for Newton, the Greek geometers and astronomers were for Copernicus and Kepler.