Content
Preface  
mmmm  
A 
Storm Clouds Gather 

A1  Newtonian Foundation of Classical Physics 
4 
A2  Galilei's Principle of Relativity 
8 
A3 vv 
Incompatibility of Maxwell's Theory of Electromagnetism 
10 
A4  Einstein cuts the Gordian Knot 
14 
A5  Suggestions  16 
B 
The Three Fundamental Consequences 

B1  Primo: The Relativity of Simultaneousness 
20 
B2  Secundo: Fast Clocks Tick More Slowly 
23 
B3  Tertio: Moving Yardsticks Are Shorter 
26 
B4  Muons 1: An Experimental Confirmation 
28 
B5  Muons 2: A Second Look 
29 
B6  Quantitative Aspects of the Relativity of Simultaneousness 
30 
B7  Problems and Suggestions 
32 
C 
Epstein's Simple Explanation 

C1  Epstein's Myth  36 
C2  Epstein Diagrams  37 
C3  Time Dilatation in the Epstein Diagram  40 
C4  Length Contraction in the Epstein Diagram 
41 
C5  Desynchronization in the Epstein Diagram  43 
C6  Our Sample Problem in the Epstein Diagram  44 
C7  Twin Paradox as seen by Epstein  46 
C8  Summary  47 
C9  Problems and Suggestions 
48 
D 
Lorentz Transformations, Velocity Addition and Doppler Effect  
D1  Coordinate Transformations before STR 
52 
D2  Derivation of the Lorentz Transformations from Epstein Diagrams  54 
D3  Derivation of the Lorentz Transformations from Basic Phenomena 
58 
D4  Addition of Velocities in the STR  59 
D5  Transverse Velocities and Aberration  60 
D6 
The Optical Doppler Effect 
61 
D7  Problems and Suggestions 
64 
E 
Mass, Momentum and Energy  
E1  The Symmetric Punch 
68 
E2  Epstein Diagrams for Mass and Momentum 
70 
E3  Mass and Energy  Observations in a Closed System 
72 
E4  Energy has Mass. How much Mass does 1 Joule have ? 
74 
E5  Epstein Diagrams for Energy and Momentum 
78 
E6  Problems and Suggestions  80 
F  Conservation Laws 

F1  The Credo of Physics 
84 
F2  The Relativistic Corrections 
86 
F3  Examples of MassEnergy Conservation 
88 
F4  Relativistic Collisions 
92 
F5  Creation and Annihilation of Particles 
94 
F6  How to Continue? 
95 
F7  Problems and Suggestions 
96 
G 
From Special to General Theory of Relativity 

G1  A Strange Experimental Fact 
100 
G2  The Equivalence Principle 
102 
G3  Our Restriction to a Special Case 
104 
G4  Clocks and Yardsticks in the Schwarzschild Field 
108 
G5  Different Speeds of Light !?  112 
G6  Problems and Suggestions 
114 
H 
Epstein Diagrams for the General Theory of Relativity 

H1  Gravitation and the Curvature of SpaceTime 
118 
H2  Twins Again, with Different Rates of Aging 
120 
H3  A Quantitative Consideration 
121 
H4  Principle of Maximum Proper Time 
122 
H5  Epstein Diagrams  Flat or Rolled 
124 
H6  Gravitation and the Curvature of Space  127 
H7  Problems and Suggestions 
130 
I 
Experiments in the General Theory of Relativity  
I1  The Precession of the Perihelion of Mercury  134 
I2  The Deflection of Light in the Gravitational Field of the Sun  137 
I3  The Shapiro Experiment  140 
I4  The Experiment of Rebka and Pound  143 
I5  Hafele and Keating Travel Around the World  144 
I6  The Maryland Experiment  145 
I7  GPS, LRS and Relativity  146 
I8  The EinsteinThirringLense Effect  148 
I9  Gravitational Waves  150 
I10  Problems and Suggestions  152 
K 
Some Additional Topics 

K1  Early Experiments to Measure the Speed of Light 
156 
K2  Natural Units of Measurement in the STR and GTR 
157 
K3  General Formulas for Velocity Addition, the Doppler Effect and Aberration 
158 
K4  Force and Acceration in the STR 
159 
K5  The "Conquest of Space" 
160 
K6  Alternative Derivation of E = m·c^2  161 
K7  Driving the Formula for Addition of Speeds from an Epstein Diagram 
162 
K8  The Transformation of Electromagnetic Quantities 
164 
K9  STR with FourVectors 
165 
K10 
Measuring and Seeing in the STR 
166 
K11  STR and Minkowski Diagrams  168 
K12  STR and Penrose Diagrams  169 
K13  STR and Asano Diagrams  170 
L  Bibliography  
L1  Bibliography in the Order of Occurence 
174 
L2  Bibliography in Alphabetical Order 
178 